Ants at Dawn

Commonly known as the dinosaur ant, the dawn ant is the most primitive ant species currently known to man. One of the stranger aspects of the dinosaur ant is that they will not attack dinosaur ants from other colonies. In species that are able to have multiple queens, this is due to the formation of a supercolony. However, in the case of the dawn ants, the queens have not paired/teamed together. This may be a due to a lack of specific pheromone production that most ant species have and allows dinosaur ants from different colonies to forage in the same area without confrontation. Secondly, the workers all gather food-products alone. In essence, each worker is a fully-geared hunter, ready to capture prey that may appear at a moments notice. This poses a problem in some cases, as lone foragers may find themselves in situations in which more than a single ant is required: enemy invasions or predators.

An interesting fact about the young queens and males is how the females have vestigial wings while the males have functioning ones. In order to reproduce with males of other colonies, young queens hang on vegetation and flutter their wings, releasing pheromones that attract males.