The bee, as most people know, has only a single queen. Only she has the right to lay eggs, as well as the proper abdominal figure, proper rearing, and, most importantly, stockpiled sperm to lay eggs. Pheromones that she releases is detected by her workers and its strength indicates whether she is as strong as ever or weakening. But regardless of how strong or weak this pheromone is, there’s an uncommon phenomenon: one of her workers lays an egg. Although the egg is not fertilized and only produces male drones, this, in all senses, is insubordination by the worker. When other workers have found out her treachery, the worker is severely disciplined. She is held a prisoner, or killed, by her sisters and all her eggs are chewed up and destroyed.
As one of the army ants, driver ants are voracious creatures, clearing out areas of insects while constantly on the move. Living in Africa, they mainly prey on termites, killing a vast number of termites to bring back to the colony. In the case that they have emptied an area of food, they pick up everything and leave. To travel to a new location, they form marching columns, traversing through any obstacle in order to find their next home. In some cases, they even inhabit abandoned termite mounds that have been wiped out. What makes them slightly different from other ant species is in their queens and males. They are massive in comparison and the queen lays up to 1,000,000 eggs in a single month. On top of that, she has multiple mates over the course of her lifetime instead of stockpiling sperm after a nuptial flight.
So if the Asian giant hornet is so strong, how has it not wiped out the prey in the entire vicinity? In most cases, this is true. When European honeybees come into a violent encounter with Asian giant hornets, almost most, if not all, the bees are massacred, with all the brood and honey stolen as sustenance. The Japanese honeybee is a completely different story. Although they are not any bigger than their European counterparts, they have adopted a way to keep their nest a secret. When a hornet scout has discovered a nest, the bees lure the hornet into their nest. The moment the hornet enters the nest, she is swarmed by the bees. The honeybees vibrate intensely, elevating the heat in the center of the swarm, essentially killing the hornet using immense temperature. This is a very dangerous procedure, as the bees can only withstand a few degrees more than the hornet can.
As one of the largest insects in the world, the size of the Asian giant hornet isn’t just for show. Their stings are considered one of the deadliest, as the sting is similar to the bite of a venomous snake — corroding the skin in the vicinity of the sting. However, it is neither the queen nor the workers who drive the colony forward; it is the larvae. They consume vasts amount of protein in order to grow and, when they are hungry, signal to the workers by scraping at the sides of their cells. Equipped with sharp mandibles and a deadly venom, the workers send out scouts to look for food. Their favorite meal? Bees and other hornets.
There are a lot of other technical questions that can be asked, but those can’t top the ethical ones. Can’t they be used as hidden-surveillance by the government? Will we turn insects into weapons? And then there’s the question of disease-carrying insects or using insects to disperse chemical weapons. How should it be regulated? Where is the line drawn? My personal opinion would be to leave the technology at looking for victims of a natural disaster and as surveillance for the military during wartime. Leave chemical warfare out of the equation and do not target civilian targets.